THE UNINHABITABLE EARTH Life After Warming By David Wallace-Wells
LOSING EARTH A Climate History By Nathaniel Rich
Climate change is the greatest challenge humanity has collectively faced. That challenge is, to put it mildly, practical; but it also poses a problem to the imagination. Our politics, our societies, are arranged around individual and group interests. These interests have to do with class, or ethnicity, or gender, or economics — make your own list. By asserting these interests, we call out to each other so that as a collective we see and hear one another. From that beginning, we construct the three overlapping, interacting R’s of recognition, representation and rights.
The problem with climate change, as an existential challenge to humanity, is that the interest-based model of society and politics doesn’t work. Most of the people in whose interest we are demanding action aren’t here. They haven’t been born yet. And because the areas first and most affected by climate change are the poorest regions of earth, we are talking about the least seen, least represented group on our planet. We have to imagine these people into being, and then grant them rights, and then take unprecedented, society-wide action on that basis.
The demand climate change makes on us is to feel empathy for the unborn poor of the global south, and change our economies to act on the basis of their needs. That’s something humanity has never done before.
Pessimism would be an ethical catastrophe. It leads only to despair, despair to inaction, and inaction to a future world David Attenborough has described as “the collapse of our civilizations and the extinction of much of the natural world.” To avoid the most terrible possible versions of our future, we have to stay positive; it’s the only moral response to this crisis. And there are grounds to do so, as David Wallace-Wells argues in his brilliant new book, “The Uninhabitable Earth: Life After Warming”: “We have all the tools we need, today, to stop it all: a carbon tax and the political apparatus to aggressively phase out dirty energy, a new approach to agricultural practices and a shift away from beef and dairy in the global diet; and public investment in green energy and carbon capture.”
“The Uninhabitable Earth” gives readers’ emotions a thorough workout along that pessimism-to-despair spectrum, before we are brought round to the writer’s “acceptance of responsibility.” I stress the emotional aspect because it is crucial: We are facing a call to action that we are, on the evidence of our behavior so far, likely to ignore, unless we directly feel its urgency. We know this, because that’s what we have been doing. The science of global warming has been settled for 40 years, but we have not just continued to pollute, we have accelerated the rate at which we’ve been doing so. Most of the carbon humans have put into the atmosphere has been emitted in the last three decades. As Wallace-Wells tartly puts it, “We have done as much damage to the fate of the planet and its ability to sustain human life and civilization since Al Gore published his first book on the climate than in all the centuries — all the millenniums — that came before.”
This is part of the tragedy. It’s not just that we know what’s happening, it’s that we’ve known for years and done nothing. Nathaniel Rich observes in “Losing Earth: A Recent History” that “nearly every conversation we have in 2019 about climate change was being held in 1979.” His gripping, depressing, revelatory book is an expanded version of a whole-issue article that appeared in The New York Times Magazine last year. It is an account of what went wrong — of how it was that a moment of growing awareness of climate change, and an apparent willingness to act on the knowledge, was allowed to dissipate into stasis and inaction.B:
2015年125期开码结果【医】【疗】【处】【的】【来】【的】【很】【快】。 【夏】【亦】【心】【又】【回】【了】【那】【栋】【白】【色】【的】【医】【疗】【大】【厦】，【不】【过】【这】【次】【为】【的】【是】【陆】【渊】。 【主】【治】【医】【师】【还】【凑】【巧】【就】【是】【上】【次】【诊】【治】【夏】【亦】【心】【的】，【在】【看】【了】【陆】【渊】【的】【情】【况】【后】【皱】【眉】【道】“【陆】【总】【领】，【恕】【我】【直】【言】，【有】【再】【大】【的】【问】【题】【身】【体】【都】【是】【最】【重】【要】【的】，【我】【建】【议】【你】【们】【住】【院】【好】【好】【休】【息】【一】【周】，【是】【你】【们】【两】【个】。” 【女】【医】【师】【早】【就】【注】【意】【到】【了】【夏】【亦】【心】【的】【精】【神】【状】【态】【也】【不】【怎】
【解】【药】？ 【金】【戈】【不】【明】【白】，【她】【愣】【愣】【的】【瞪】【着】【孙】【鸥】，【又】【看】【了】【看】【弓】【虎】，【几】【乎】【有】【些】【不】【知】【所】【措】。 【弓】【虎】【安】【慰】【的】【点】【了】【点】【头】，【拿】【出】【一】【个】【破】【碎】【的】【手】【机】，【放】【在】【她】【面】【前】。 “【柳】【年】【和】【关】【情】【的】【手】【机】【里】，【所】【有】【的】【信】【息】【都】【被】【自】【动】【清】【除】【了】，【但】【是】【在】【你】【的】【手】【机】【里】，【有】【柳】【年】【的】【一】【条】【信】【息】。” 【金】【戈】【拿】【过】【手】【机】，【点】【开】【信】【息】，【看】【到】【柳】【年】【最】【后】【发】【来】【的】【信】【息】，【赫】【然】
【云】【家】【灵】【山】【旗】【帜】【飞】【扬】，【两】【顿】【祥】【云】【宛】【如】【融】【入】【血】【色】【天】【空】。 【灵】【山】【脚】【下】，【其】【他】【灵】【山】【中】，【满】【是】【围】【观】【的】【强】【者】。【他】【们】【议】【论】【纷】【纷】，【不】【明】【白】【孤】【厉】【何】【出】【此】【言】。 【以】【孤】【厉】【的】【身】【份】，【应】【该】【不】【会】【空】【口】【无】【凭】，【可】【要】【是】【真】【的】，【也】【太】【过】【惊】【人】。 【不】【出】【手】，【也】【能】【战】【胜】【一】【位】【心】【动】【中】【期】【修】【士】！ “【喔】？【那】【你】【试】【试】！”【云】【曦】【翻】【了】【个】【白】【眼】，【显】【然】【不】【信】【孤】【厉】【的】【鬼】【话】
“【获】【得】5【点】【源】【力】【值】。” 【伴】【随】【着】【芦】【屋】【道】【满】【的】【躯】【体】【被】【七】【情】【之】【火】【彻】【底】【烧】【成】【了】【灰】【烬】，【清】【姬】【也】【重】【新】【化】【作】【了】【人】【形】【的】【模】【样】，【她】【转】【头】【望】【向】【苏】【子】【鱼】【表】【情】【好】【似】【有】【些】【不】【好】【意】【思】，【稍】【微】【低】【头】【整】【理】【了】【一】【下】【衣】【裳】【这】【才】【款】【款】【而】【行】【走】【到】【了】【苏】【子】【鱼】【的】【身】【旁】。 “【夫】【君】。”【清】【姬】【转】【头】【看】【了】【一】【片】【不】【远】【处】【的】【三】【尾】【狐】，【轻】【声】【道】：“【那】【犬】【鬼】【已】【经】【被】【我】【烧】【掉】【了】。” 2015年125期开码结果【司】【嘉】【大】【厦】【门】【口】，【这】【个】【地】【方】，【算】【是】【承】【载】【了】【我】【们】【俩】【真】【正】【意】【义】【上】【的】【第】【一】【次】【见】【面】。 【我】【从】【站】【台】【下】【车】，【来】【到】【大】【厦】【门】【口】【的】【时】【候】，【一】【眼】【就】【看】【到】【了】【他】。【他】【眉】【眼】【依】【旧】【好】【看】，【笑】【着】【朝】【我】【挥】【了】【挥】【手】。 【我】【没】【有】【回】【应】，【沉】【默】【地】【走】【到】【他】【面】【前】。【等】【我】【在】【他】【面】【前】【站】【定】，【他】【自】【然】【地】【伸】【出】【手】，【想】【牵】【我】。 【不】【着】【痕】【迹】【地】【侧】【了】【侧】【身】，【我】【先】【发】【制】【人】【道】：“【在】【京】【医】
【祭】【坛】【上】，【穿】【着】【黄】【色】【汗】【衫】【的】【镇】【民】【将】【五】【米】【长】【的】【火】【把】【扛】【着】【绕】【了】【祭】【坛】【三】【圈】，【嘴】【里】【念】【着】【某】【种】【地】【方】【性】【方】【言】，【大】【概】【是】【在】【召】【唤】【神】【鸟】。 【三】【圈】【之】【后】，【火】【把】【的】【火】【星】【洒】【落】【在】【了】【祭】【坛】【附】【近】，【煞】【是】【好】【看】，【像】【是】【红】【色】【的】【繁】【星】【点】【缀】。 【这】【时】，【伪】【装】【成】【巫】【男】【的】【避】【雷】【针】【吹】【起】【了】【凰】【笙】，【倒】【是】【颇】【有】【一】【番】【高】【雅】。 【坛】【下】，【时】【延】【霆】【再】【次】【拽】【了】【拽】【苏】【墨】【的】【衣】【袖】：“【嫂】【子】
【闫】【欢】【一】【直】【等】【着】【陈】【子】【昂】【一】【起】【去】【甸】【城】，【张】【函】【曾】【经】【找】【过】【她】，【似】【乎】【是】【来】【了】【解】【陈】【子】【寒】【的】。 【她】【心】【里】【有】【些】【纠】【结】。 【她】【想】【提】【前】【过】【去】，【但】【是】【遭】【到】【了】【陈】【子】【悦】【的】【反】【对】 “【子】【昂】【不】【过】【去】，【你】【就】【不】【准】【过】【去】。” “【为】【什】【么】【啊】？” “【当】【初】【同】【意】【你】【去】【甸】【城】【就】【是】【因】【为】【你】【说】【了】【陪】【子】【昂】【一】【起】【过】【去】【的】，【子】【昂】【没】【有】【过】【去】【你】【过】【去】【干】【嘛】。【等】【子】【昂】【一】【起】【过】【去】。
“【所】【以】【现】【在】【双】【方】【都】【在】【对】【持】，【杨】【将】【军】【是】【什】【么】【意】【思】？” 【苏】【靖】【知】【道】，【军】【方】【大】【佬】【杨】【老】【亲】【自】【来】【到】【这】【里】【坐】【镇】，【这】【里】【一】【切】【都】【有】【这】【位】【大】【佬】【负】【责】。 “【杨】【老】【的】【意】【思】，【还】【是】【先】【打】，【让】【他】【们】【知】【道】【我】【们】【的】【厉】【害】【之】【后】，【在】【慢】【慢】【的】【谈】，【毕】【竟】【都】【是】【智】【慧】【生】【物】，【还】【是】【有】【交】【流】【的】【可】【能】” 【龙】【战】【回】【答】【道】。 “【那】【么】【你】【们】【搞】【懂】【了】【对】【方】【的】【语】【言】【了】【吗】，【语】【言】【不】